Side Effects of Adderall: Blood Pressure, Heart Rate and More

It may be helpful to refer to this list of Adderall alternatives. If you have questions about sexual side effects during Adderall treatment, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. In clinical trials, females experienced changes in libido (sexual desire).

  1. Go to bed at the same time each night, and get up at the same time each morning.
  2. Evaluation during the initial consultation for tachycardia, palpitations, and prior documented cardiomyopathy with this treating team revealed tachycardia with a heart rate of 133 and a regular rhythm.
  3. Your doctor can help make withdrawal symptoms easier and find alternatives for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  4. An eight-year-old boy with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is seen in clinic.

It can also lower your risk of high blood pressure and other stress-related health issues. (Misuse is sometimes referred to as “abuse,” but this is an outdated term.) With misuse, a drug is taken differently from how it was prescribed. And misuse of Adderall can cause serious side effects that can be fatal.

Adderall and cardiovascular risk: A therapeutic dilemma

His lung fields were clear and he was alert and oriented to person, place, and time. A 12-lead electrocardiogram (EKG) revealed atrial fibrillation with an average ventricular response of 98 bpm and ST elevations in leads I, aVL, V1, and V2 with reciprocal changes in leads III and aVF (Figure 1(a)). The EKG after 13 minutes showed resolution of the ST segment elevations (Figure 1(b)).

But it’s important to tell your doctor about any side effects you experience. Experts are still studying the potential long-term effects of Adderall, especially when it’s taken at high doses. Some men who use Adderall feel less interested in sex or experience erectile dysfunction, especially if they take high doses for a long period of time. They might also lead to frustration or other emotional distress.

Studies to date evaluating cardiovascular safety of stimulant drugs have several limitations that may confound outcomes. Data has been retrospective and limited to less than two years, thus longer-term safety and cumulative effect of stimulants is unknown. Due to lack of inclusion of patients with history of cardiovascular disease, particularly arrhythmias, results should not be extrapolated to such populations. Furthermore, study outliers and case reports indicate the possibility of greater cardiovascular risk than observed, especially in vulnerable populations. Until further evidence of safety is demonstrated by large-scale, long-term, standardized trials, the avoidance of stimulant use in arrhythmia patients is prudent.

Weight loss

Most cases of heart palpitations are not considered serious unless you have underlying heart disease. Your doctor still needs to know what you’re experiencing, but your heart palpitations may not need special treatment beyond lifestyle changes. Avoiding triggers of heart palpitations may help reduce or eliminate your symptoms. In the short term, Adderall can raise your blood pressure and heart rate, and cause you to breathe harder. If you take too much of it, you could put your heart and your health at risk. Adderall can increase the risk of seizures in people who have had them previously.

These may be accompanied by chest pain, which increases the scariness level. Any prescription stimulants you put into your body can do this. A person should never use Adderall with existing cardiovascular issues or at risk. The extended-release form, Adderall XR, was approved for use in Canada in January 2004. In the group included in the FDA adverse event reports, some patients had a toxic level of mixed amphetamines salts, a family history of ventricular arrhythmia, were involved in strenous exercise and were dehydrated.

The Safety of Stimulant Medication Use in Cardiovascular and Arrhythmia Patients

An allergic reaction to Adderall may cause swelling of the tongue, throat, or face. This is a medical emergency and requires prompt emergency medical treatment. For people with ADHD, Adderall may improve focus and attention while reducing hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.

Adderall side effects: What you should know

Males also experienced sexual side effects in clinical trials. These included erectile dysfunction (an inability to have or maintain an erection) and frequent or long lasting erections. The first step is to identify your stressors and how you are currently managing them. If you are constantly anxious, you will likely have elevated blood pressure. Learning new ways to handle stress will lower your blood pressure, alleviate chest pain, and make dealing with anxiety easier. Over the long term, Adderall can sometimes cause changes in mood and behavior, especially when used in high doses.

Several of the children who experienced sudden death had an underlying disorder known as hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. This is a heritable disorder that causes increased thickness of the heart muscle. At high doses, Adderall increases the risk of heart problems, high blood pressure, and stroke. People who have underlying cardiovascular problems are at a greater risk from consuming stimulants, including prescription stimulants overseen by a physician. An eight-year-old boy with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is seen in clinic. When discussing therapeutic options, his mother raises a concern.

At our drug addiction treatment center in Etta, MS we use addiction-focused healthcare to help people achieve meaningful recovery from prescription stimulant misuse. Misuse of prescription stimulants medications can “age” the heart, resulting in high blood pressure which can lead to heart attack or stroke. Adderall is an amphetamine-based prescription stimulant medication used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. Because of it’s stimulant properties, it is classified as a Schedule II drug — meaning it has a known risk of misuse, dependence, and addiction.

Assessment of clinical benefits and risks should be made on an individualized basis when therapy is warranted. If initiated, caution must be exercised as detailed in regulatory warnings, with monitoring of cardiovascular parameters and use limited to short durations and lowest effective doses. Safety concerns with regard to prescriptions stimulants the first step of recovery use have guided governmental regulatory policy from time to time. HR and BP should be measured before initiating medications and routinely during treatment. Universal EKG screening has not been shown to be cost effective, as it has not demonstrated any incremental benefit in preventing sudden cardiac death in children with ADHD [34].

People trying to lose weight might also misuse these drugs, since they’re known to cause a loss of appetite. A 2009 study review found that there are no drugs that can effectively treat withdrawal from amphetamine, one of the components of Adderall. That means you need to work through the symptoms of the crash.

Medications for ADHD like Adderall may be more effective when used along with behavioral therapy or a comprehensive treatment plan that may include psychological, educational, or social therapies. Using Adderall without a prescription can lead to misuse or dependence, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) database for prescription and nonprescription drugs. Note that this list is not all-inclusive and includes only common medications that may interact with Adderall.

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